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GA35: Estrutura da Obra


quarta-feira 8 de fevereiro de 2017, por Cardoso de Castro

Translated by Richard Rojcewicz  

Part One - The dictum of Anaximander   of Miletus, 6th-5th century


§1. The mission and the dictum

a) Cessation and beginning

b) The dictum in the customary translations

Chapter I The first phase of the interpretation  


§2. The theme of the dictum: beings as a whole

a) The meaning of ta onta  

b) Beings in genesis   kai phthora  

c) ex oun — eis tauta — the whence-whither — our characterization of stepping forth and receding. Inadequacy of speaking about a "basic matter"

d) The whence and whither of the stepping-forth and receding kata tou kreon — according to necessity


§3. Beings in the relation of compliance and noncompliance

a) Stepping forth and receding as giving way before, and against, each other

b) The inadequacy of the juridical-moral   meanings of tike, tisis, and adikia  

c) adikia as noncompliance, dike as compliance

d) Translation of the second section of the statement


§4. Being and time  

a) Beings kata ten tou chronou taxin. Time as measure

b) Insight into chronos   by appealing to Sophocles  

c) Being and time as physis  

Chapter II The second phase of the interpretation

§5. The unitary content of the pronouncement on the basis of its central core

a) The essential power of Being as noncompliance

b) The noncompliance. Day and night as the basic appearance

c) Noncompliance: persistence in contours over and against contourlessness; compliance: return to contourlessness

Chapter III The other dictum

§6. The sovereign source of beings as the empowering power of appearance

a) The arche   ton onton

b) to apeiron   as the empowering power of appearance

c) to apeiron, or, the difference between Being and beings

Part Two Interposed considerations

§7. Four objections to the interpretation

a) The dictum is too far removed and is antiquated, crude and meager, unreal

b) Presuppositions of the objections in a self-delusion

c) What the self-delusion consists in

d) The distance from the beginning of Western philosophy

§8. The negative relation to the beginning

a) The wanderer and the spring

b) The closest proximity of the concealed beginning

c) The inability to do anything with the beginning

§9. Meditation on the "current situation  "

a) Who is asking about the beginning? Toward determining the "we"

b) The concept of generation as off the path

c) The determination of the current situation by Friedrich Nietzsche  

§10. The grounding utterance of Being

a) The characterization of the beginning

b) The pronouncement as an answer to a question

c) Questioning as a questioning that discloses Being

d) The essence of questioning; various modes of questioning

e) The question of Being as the most originary, first, and last   question

§11. The actual asking of the question of Being

a) The question of Being becoming problematic

b) The question of Being as unproblematic

c) Familiar beings and unfamiliar Being

d) The familiarity with Being in saying "is"

e) The familiar diversification of Being into thatness, whatness, suchness, and trueness

f) The fact of the understanding of Being (Summary)

g) The question-worthiness of that which is most unproblematic

§12. Review of the linguistic usage

a) Becoming, the "ought," thinking, semblance

b) The question of Being as provisional and narrow

c) Being in becoming, in the "ought," in thinking, and in semblance

d) The question of Being as definitively lacking question-worthiness

§13. The basic question of existence

a) Unrest as the experience of questioning

b) The origin of existence in the esteeming of Being

c) The insistence on beings as a whole

d) The slackening of insistence

e) The complete dis-esteeming of Being

§14. Commentary on our concept of existence

a) The impossibility of a complete dis-esteeming of Being; the understanding of Being as the possibility of our existence

b) On the meaning of "existing" and "existence" as delimited in relation to Kierkegaard   and Jaspers  

c) The comportment toward beings

d) Restraint

§15. The full rendering of the understanding of Being

a) The priority of the understanding of Being as preconceptual understanding

b) The understanding of Being as the transcendence that constitutes existence

c) The dignity of the understanding of Being only in relation to existence

§16. The liberation toward freedom

a) The coming into sovereignty of existence as a transformation of the essence of humanity

b) The asking of the question of Being as the closest proximity of existence

c) The unasked question of Being as the closest proximity of existence

d) The historical re-asking of the question of Being as a re-beginning of the initial beginning

§17. Transition to Parmenides  : the first explicit and coherent unfolding of the question of Being

Part Three

The "didactic poem" of Parmenides of Elea, 6th-5th century

§18. Introduction

a) On the text   and the translation

b) The releasement into the meaning and content

c) Attitude toward my own interpretations

§19. Interpretation of fragment 1. Preparation for the question of Being

a) The grasp of the circumstances and images

b) The disclosure of method

§20. Interpretation of fragments 4 and 5

a) First meditation on the ways of questioning

b) The statement that Being and apprehending intrinsically belong together as a statement grounding the distinction between the ways

c) The absent grounding of the statement

§21. Interpretation of fragments 6 and 7

a) Further clarification of the ways. The third way

b) The lack of the correct indication of the way

c) The lack of the understanding of Being

d) The three ways in their interrelatedness

e) Conclusion of the preparatory meditation on the possible and impossible ways

§22. Interpretation of fragment 8

a) Traveling on the first way

b) The manifestation undertaken by the goddess Aletheia  

c) The semata of Being

α) the character of the enumeration

β) The first group, the negative semata

γ) The second group, the affirmative semata

δ) Concluding judgment regarding the groups: comprehensive questioning

d) Being as ageneton

α) A guiding respect concerning Being

β) The problem of "indirect proof"

γ) The understanding of Being in doxa  , according to which Being has an origin

δ) Appeal to the axiomatic statement about Being

ε) Semblance as a possible whence of Being

ζ) dike as disposing Compliance

η) The impossibility of a whence is the same as the impossibility of a whither

e) Parmenides’s axiomatic statement and his essential statement

f) Being is the present. Parmenides’s temporal   statement

g) The impossibility of absence in Being

h) The recourse to the axiom

i) The unity of the simple-unique self-sameness of Being

α) Being as the oneness that excludes all otherness

β) The correct understanding of the incompletability of Being

j) The insertion of fragment 2

α) The theme of apeonta

β) All absence lies in the sphere of presence

γ) The definitive understanding of the present and presence

k) The belonging together of noein   and legein  

l) Changeable things as nonbeings

m) The way of doxa

α) Coming to understand doxa

β) Errancy and semblance

§23. The doxa-fragments 9, 12, 13, 10, 11, 14, 16, 19 (in the order of their interpretation)

a) The equality of light and darkness

b) Birth as the basic occurrence of becoming

c) The history of the appearance of the world

d) Apprehension and corporeality

e) Being itself apprehends


§24. The inceptual question of Being; the law of philosophy

Ver online : HyperHeidegger